Content of No. 3/2016:

 

Suggestion for the professionalisation of career guidance and counselling (Lenka Hloušková, Petr Hlaďo - editors)

monothematic issue

 

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Editorial

 

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HLOUŠKOVÁ, L., VESELÁ, J. 2016. K evaluaci kurzů kariérového vzdělávání [On Evaluation of Career Education Courses]. Lifelong Learning – celoživotní vzdělávání, roč. 6, č. 3, s. 7–31.
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11118/lifele201606037

Abstract: On Evaluation of Career Education Courses. Career counselling services in the Czech Republic are not a frequent subject of empirical research and a similar situation is in the case of career education courses. The aim of this empirical study is to provide empirical evidence on which evaluation of the career education courses provided by university counselling centres could be based. Empirical evidence, on which we base evaluation process proposal, is represented by results of qualitative research on the topic of meeting the learning and educational needs of clients of university counselling centres through career education courses. The empirical survey was conducted using grounded theory design, but for the purpose of this article, we only work with statements of 32 students of three public universities in Brno who, in the course of their studies, attended at least one career education course. First, the needs and situations that led the students to the decision to participate in career education courses are described in the text. Further ways of meeting the learning and educational needs are described and attention is paid also to factors that influence meeting the needs. Subsequently, with reference to the existing approaches to evaluation of career counselling services and discovered links between the outputs and impact of the courses, a proposal of career education courses structure which combines evaluation focusing on the process and evaluation focusing on the outputs of the career education processes is presented. The proposed structure of the evaluation process may become an inspiration for the approach to career education courses evaluation as well as for their innovation.

Key words: career education, learning need, educational need, counselling services evaluation, university counselling

 

Empirical study
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KVITKOVIČOVÁ, L., MÁCHOVÁ, J. 2016. Kariérní rozhodování u českých studentů v období vynořující se dospělosti [Career Decision-making of Czech Students in the Period of Emerging Adulthood]. Lifelong Learning – celoživotní vzdělávání, roč. 6, č. 3, s. 32–52.
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11118/lifele2016060332

Abstract: Career Decision-making of Czech Students in the Period of Emerging Adulthood. The study deals with the issue of career development of Czech emerging adults and in this context, it draws attention to research marginalisation of secondary vocational schools students. It focuses on the analysis of factors resulting from the type of study which can contribute to the facilitation of the career decision-making process. The research goal was to determine the role of the type of the study and work experience in the career decision-making process of Czech emerging adults. 194 university students and 116 secondary vocational school students between the ages of 18 and 21 responded to the questionnaires of vocational identity and questionnaires investigating awareness of self-efficacy in career decision-making. Linear regression showed that students’ work experience influences the strength of their vocational identity and that career relevance of this work experience is related to the level of selfefficacy in career decision-making. The type of study didn’t prove to be an important factor. The study results highlight the role of work experience in the process of career decision-making. Due to the inclusion of a specific research group—secondary vocational school students—it also enriches the knowledge of the career identity development in the period of emerging adulthood in the Czech Republic. In the conclusion practical implications, limits of this study and suggestions for the further research are discussed.

Key words: career decision-making, emerging adulthood, secondary vocational school students, university students, work experience, career-relevant work experience, practical vocational training

 

Empirical study
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VITOŠKOVÁ, V., PAVELKOVÁ, I. 2016. Vztah žáků a studentů k budoucnosti [The Relationship of the Students to the Future]. Lifelong Learning – celoživotní vzdělávání, roč. 6, č. 3, s. 53–80.
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11118/lifele2016060353

Abstract: The Relationship of the Students to the Future. The paper deals with the relationship of students to the future, a relationship between time perspective and achievement motivation and the paper also implies a close connection of this issue with individual’s volition. The article focuses on the presentation of a research on how students relate to the future which was conducted in the years 2011-2014 (defended in 2014 as a doctoral thesis). On the theoretical level we deal with scientific basis of the time dimension in the human life, with a relation between time perspective and achievement motivation and the connection of these concepts to the theoretical approach to the topic of volition. The main emphasis is on cognitive-motivational and self-motivational concepts of time perspective (works of Gjesme, Nuttin, Lens, Zimbardo, from the Czech authors namely concept of perspective orientation by Pavelková) and on classical works on achievement motivation by Atkinson, Raynor and Heckhausen. Within the analysis of these theoretical concepts, we focused predominantly on the identification of overlaps, narrow ties and connections in described systems. In the field of volition research, we were inspired by the concept of self-control and self-regulatory aspects of volition by Kuhl and Fuhrmann. The main objective of the paper is to present a structured research of time perspective, achievement motivation and volition in students of primary and secondary schools. On the research we worked with data received from more than four hundred students of primary and secondary schools in the Czech Republic. The key objective is to obtain a basic description of the students’ relationship to future through individual research areas, further to empirically examine the relation between time perspective and achievement motivation of students and also to compare different approaches to time perspective (the concept of perspective orientation by Pavelková and Zimbardo’s theory of time perspective). Finally, through created students’ case reports we present inter-individually different authenticity of student’s relating to future. In the research, which was carried out on three levels, we benefited from combination of quantitative and qualitative research. In the conclusion, we suggest possible ways of further work with the findings within the career counselling at schools and which areas of career counselling we consider to be essential for improvement of self-regulatory skills of students.

Key words: time perspective, achievement motivation, volition, relationship of students to the future

 

Empirical study
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HAŠKOVÁ, K., VACULÍK, M. 2016. Kariérní kompetence a možnosti jejich využití v kariérovém poradenství v České republice [Career Competences and Possibilities of Their Use in Career Counselling in the Czech Republic]. Lifelong Learning – celoživotní vzdělávání, roč. 6, č. 3, s. 81–101.
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11118/lifele2016060381

Abstract: Career Competences and Possibilities of Their Use in Career Counselling in the Czech Republic. In the modern world of work career self-management of individuals is more and more emphasised. This article presents existing models of career competences or skills to manage someone’s own career (Career Management Skills) and, using thematic analysis, they identify eight career competences which repeatedly appear in several of these models: self-awareness and positive self-concept, positive interaction with others and networking, responding to the changes and growth throughout the life, participation and positive approach to lifelong learning, efficient processing of career information, career decision-making, participation in own career management and understanding an individual’s role in the society and to wider context. In the article we present advantages of using career competences for the professionalization of career counselling in the Czech Republic.

Key words: career competences, career management skills, career counselling

 

Theoretical study
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HLAĎO, P. 2016. Psychosociální konstrukt kariérové adaptability z pohledu teorie a empirické evidence – přehledová studie [Psychosocial Construct of Career Adaptability from the Point of View of Theory and Empirical Evidence - Overview]. Lifelong Learning – celoživotní vzdělávání, roč. 6, č. 3, s. 102–125.
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11118/lifele20160603102

Abstract: Psychosocial Construct of Career Adaptability from the Point of View of Theory and Empirical Evidence – Overview. This overview focuses on a multidimensional psychosocial construct of career adaptability, to which a special attention has been paid recently. Career adaptability indicates individual’s means of coping with current or anticipated challenges, changes and traumas in professional roles. The study provides a description of career adaptability construct creation, its definition and dimensions – interest, control, curiosity and self-confidence. Further, tools for career adaptability measurement and selected empirical findings about career adaptability are presented. Focus is, among other things, on the relation of career adaptability and demographical variables, personality traits, self-image, self-esteem, confidence in own abilities, professional identity, time orientation, academic success, career vocation, career satisfaction etc. Presented theoretical and empirical findings are important for career counsellors and teachers of career education, who can, based on the knowledge of career adaptability, suggest interventions reflecting specific needs of individual clients and students.

Key words: career adaptability, interest, control, curiosity, self-confidence, career maturity, theory of career construction

 

Theoretical study
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Discussion

 

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Reports

 

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